"Patronymica Britannica, a dictionary of the family names of the United Kingdom" was published in 1860 by Mark Antony Lower (1814-1876) as a resource guide to the origin of surnames.
I decided to access the Google books version and transcribe here the origins of the 16 surnames of my great-great-grandparents. Where they aren't listed, I have made a note. In braces I've added an entry for a possibly similar surname)
BANFIELD. No entry. (BENFIELD. Places in cos. Northamp. and Durham).
BORDER. No entry (BORDE, BOORD, BOARD. O. Fr. borde, "a little house, lodging or cottage of timber, standing alone in the fields... and in some parts of France any messuage, farme, or farme house." Cotgr. In Domesd. the occupants of cottages are called bordarii, and amount to 82,119 in number. See Ellis, Introd. Domesd. The Fr. form of the surname is De la Borde.)
CASTLE. From residence in one. De Castello. H.R.
CONLON. No entry - Irish. (CONNELLAN. The family O'Connellan is Milesian and deduced from the great family of O'Neill. B.L.G.
EWER. See Ure. URE. 1. A Yorkshire river. 2. Eur occurs as a personal name in Domesday ; and an early Scandanavian gave his name to Ureby, or Ewerby, in Lincolnshire. 3. The baronial family of Eure took their name, in the XIII. century, from the lordship of Eure or Evre, in Buckinghamshire. 'A gentleman of this name having deserted a lady to whom he had been affianced, Douglas Jerrold remarked, that he could not have thought the Ure would have proved a base un.
HALL. A manor house. In medieval documents, Atte Halle, Del Hall, De Aula, &c. The principal apartment in all old mansions was the hall, and in feudal times it was a petty court of justice as well as the scene of entertainment. The chief servitor when the lord was resident, or the tenant when he was not resident, would naturally acquire such a surname; and hence its frequency. Nearly 300 traders so called appear in the Lond. Direct. The Halls of Cheshire are a cadet of the Kingsleys of that County. The elder branch of the family temp. Henry III. assumed the name of De Aula, or Del Hall, from the hall or mansion in which they resided.
HARINGTON. HARRINGTON (my line Irish). A place in Cumberland, where Robert H. lived temp. Henry III. Shirley's Noble and Gentle Men. It is elsewhere asserted that the baronet springs from Osulphus, who held the manor of Flemingley in Cumberland temp. Richard I, and that his son took the name of Harington from a manor in co. Durham. Courthope's Debrett.
HODGE. HODGES. See Roger. A personal name, unknown here before the Conquest. Many persons called Roger, and Rogerus, occur as tenants in Domesday. From it are formed Rogers, Rodgers, Rogerson, &c. and from its nickname, Hodge, we get Hodges, Hodgson, Hodgkin, Hotchkin, Hotchkins, Hotchkiss, Hodgkinson, Hoskins, Hodd, Hodson, Hudson. The Norman patronymical form is Fitz-Roger, and the Welsh Ap-Roger, now Prodger.
HURLEY. (My line Irish) A parish in Berkshire.
MOLONEY. (My line Irish). No entry. (MOLONY. Malaunay, a manufacturing town near Rouen in Normandy. The spelling of the name in H.R. is Maloneye.
PRIESTLY. Not from the adjective, but probably from some locality so called : "the priest's lee or meadow".
or PRIESTLEY. From a family MS. mentioned in B.L.G. it appears that the ancient seat and inheritance of the family was in Soyland and Sowerby, in the parish of Halifax, co. York.
(As my family was from Yorkshire the latter is more likely).
QUINANE. No entry. Irish.
SMITH. (Very long). In entering upon the illustration of this surname, I feel almost overcome with the magnitude of my subject.... (Summary: the occupation of smith).
SNAPE. No entry.
STANILAND. No entry.
TREVITHICK. No entry. From Cornwall. (There is a separate Cornish volume).