Wednesday, April 2, 2008

Colonial Ewer's Mk. 2

A previous post dealt with Ewer’s in colonial Australia, and thanks to Ron Harper of Australia, Michael Ewer of everywhere and Derek Rogers of Hertfordshire (along with some new bits and pieces I’ve picked up) I’ve been able to expand on this. As such, I’ve retained the names and details from my previous post, and expanded it. To learn more of the regimental Ewer’s, I’ll have to find a volunteer at the Society of Australian Genealogists (SAG) as living in the US restricts my ability to search those archives!

I’ve learnt a great deal more of Edward Ewer now, but that will predominately be saved for another post.

Colonial Ewer’s in Australia:

Thomas EWER, Private, NSW Corps, SAG pay list 1798, recorded receiving land in 1800. ‘Australia’s free coat settlers’ ( notes that he was in the 102nd Regiment (Rum Corps), and returned to England. The 102nd was raised in 1789 for service in Australia, and returned in 1810. The Society of Australian genealogists has extensive information that would reveal his history.

William EWER, Private, 73rd Regiment of Foot, 1st Battalion. Recorded in 1812 Pay List. The 73rd was sent under Leiut. Gen. Lachlan Macquarie to relieve the NSW Corps, arriving in 1810, and departing in 1814. The NSW Criminal Court records show that William Ewer, along with Joseph Accroid (Akroyd?) and William Grimes were charged with ‘riot and rescue’ on 30 Aug 1813. While the 73rd left in 1814, a William EWER appears on the 1828 general muster having arrived on the Florentia (arrived NSW 1828) as in the employment of the No. 6 Iron Gang – no sentence is entered, nor is a year of arrival. No indication that he remained in Australia.

Joseph EWER, Private, 73rd Regiment of Foot, 1st Battalion, just like William EWER. Recorded in 1812 Pay List. 73rd sent under Leiut. Gen. Lachlan Macquarie to relieve the NSW Corps, arriving in 1810, and departing in 1814. No indication that he remained in Australia. Again, SAG records would reveal more.

Nathaniel EWER, married Sarah PARKER in Islington, Middlesex in 1810 and had a son Clement in 1812 (Clement is such a scarce name that Michael Ewer estimates a connection with Clement EWER b 1755 Kensington, Middlesex who married Elizabeth IRLAM and had at least 7 children). Nathaniel appeared at the Old Bailey charged for simple grand larceny (theft) on 21st June 1815. Prior to his conviction, he was an articulator, employed to put skeletons together at St. Thomas and the London Hospitals. In the trial, the codefendant John SILVESTER attested that he was guilty but that he had never met Nathaniel Ewer before, and that he was not guilty. Nathaniel was nevertheless found guilty and sentenced to be transported for seven years. Nathaniel was transported in July 1816 on the ‘Mary Anne’. In court charged with escaping on ‘Hamet’ in 1818. In 1820, he escaped on the ‘General Gates’ with four other convicts including Francis EWER and made their way to New Zealand before being returned (see NZ Historical Records Vol 1). This shows Nathaniel and Francis knew one another. In December 1820 he was recommended for a pardon, by 1822 had been granted a ticket of leave that allowed him to work for himself and was listed in the 1822 muster as a ‘whitesmith’ (a tin and pewter worker) in Sydney. Nathaniel must have thrived in Sydney from here on, as from 1822 the Colonial Secretary Index shows he testified at a Board of Enquiry into the Engineer Department, assigned convicts, and had offered his services to the government as a tin and copper smith. The 1825 muster shows that Nathaniel was a blacksmith, however no subsequent records have yet been unearthed for Nathaniel.

An infant, Thomas R EWER, died in 1817. I do not have the certificate for this child. Any info welcome.

Francis EWER, born 25 Sep 1797, son of son of Thomas and Jane London St Sepulchre. and a plumber prior to his conviction. Convicted at the Old Bailey (First Middlesex Jury) for breaking and entering a house in St Luke’s, 19th Feb 1817, aged 19 and sentenced to death. Departed for Australia on the ‘Ocean’ in Aug 1818. In 1820, he escaped on the ‘General Gates’ with four other convicts including Nathaniel EWER and made their way to New Zealand before being returned (see NZ Historical Records Vol 1). This shows Nathaniel and Francis knew one another. In 1822 Francis was on a list of convict runaways removed to Port Macquarie per "Newcastle" (and appears in the 1822 muster as under ‘Govt emply Port Macq’), and was returned to Sydney to act as witness in a murder trial late in 1822. The 1825 general muster again shows Francis to be at the penal colony in Port Macquarie. No subsequent records of Francis have been found.

Edward EWER. Born Clewer, Berkshire, England 1796, died Howick St, Bathurst NSW 20 Sep 1859. Edward was convicted of stealing at the Berkshire Assizes on 28 Feb 1820 and sentenced to hang, but was transported to NSW on the ‘Mary’ (2), departing 28 Aug 1821 and arriving in Jan 1822 and assigned work – in 1822 his muster indicate was working at the Benevolent Asylum. Married Ann EDWARDS in 1825 at Parramatta NSW. The NSW census of 1828 indicates that Edward was a shopkeep in Parramatta, and he appeared in court in relation to a number of matters, including when Alexander Stuart was charged with ‘shooting at Edward Ewer with intent at Parramatta’ in 1829 – Alexander was a servant to Edward Ewer in the 1828 census. Edward was awarded a pardon in Jul 1834, and an absolute pardon in 1841 (after which Edward may have moved to Bathurst). They had 9 children in Parramatta (1827-1839) and the Bathurst district (1843-1848). His wife died in 1854, and Edward died in 1859. His death was noted in the "Bathurst Free Press & Mining Journal" on 21st September 1859 (I’m yet to obtain a copy).

Ann EWER nee EDWARDS, born in colony. Daughter of convicts Rowland EDWARDS and Jan FLETCHER. Married Edward Ewer in Parramatta, 1825. d. Bathurst, 1854.

Edward Jr EWER, b. 1827, Parramatta, first of nine children to Edward EWER and Ann nee EDWARDS. Married Catharine HARAN/AHERN in Carcoar, NSW, 1851 and they had nine children, all born in Bathurst. Confectioner, declared insolvent in 1863, and present in the 1871 and 1878 electoral rolls living in Bathurst. Died 1884 in Bathurst NSW.

Matilda EWER, born about 1813 and convicted in Cambridge on 24 Jul 1840 to be transported for life. She was transported on the ‘Rajah’ which set sail from Woolwich England on 5 Apr 1841 and arrived in Hobart Tasmania later on 19 Jul 1841, aged 27. On this trip, the 180 female convicts produced the ‘Rajah quilt’ ( The 1841 muster describes her employment as ‘Mr Turnbull, New Norfolk’ – there was a James Turnbull, Farmer at New Norfolk, west of Hobart. She applied for marriage with Giles TIMMS (a free person) and this must’ve been approved as the married him in Hobart in 1843. In 1842 she is recorded traveling from Launceston to Melbourne, however given her marriage in 1843 she must have returned. In 1846 the muster notes she has a ticket of leave and In 1847/8 she was granted a pardon in Tasmania, with the comment that ‘There is only one offence, and that of a trifling character recorded against her since she has been in the Colony’. Nothing further is known of her fate.

Richard EWER was born Stoke Poges, Bucks, 26 Oct 1806, the son of William and Sarah. He had 3 children before he was transported and another, Jabez, when he returned. He was convicted at Bucks on 29 Jun 1841 and arrived in Tasmania on ‘Marquis of Hastings’ in 1842. The 1846 muster reveals that Richard had a 3rd Class pass (the lowest of three classes) assigned to Mr Walker of Longford. He departed Tasmania, free of servitude, on ‘City of Melbourne’, 2 Dec 1851. Richard appears in the 1861 England census living in Denham, Bucks with his wife Elizabeth (born Sathall, Middlesex abt 1814) and son Jabez, and again in the 1871 and 1881 censuses.

James Garnett EWER, born abt 1799, arrival date unknown, but the Colonial Secretary letters relating to land reveal correspondence from James Garnett EWER from 1838-1845. Married Louisa HAWKINS in Kelso NSW (essentially a suburb of Bathurst) in 1859. Died in Sydney NSW in 12 Aug 1886 - a will is held in the NSW State Archives, granted on 27 Oct 1886. There may be a connection to Edward EWER given that he was living in Bathurst at the time.

Unknown EWER, a Mr. Ewer is shown as an unassisted arrival on four dates between 1847 and 1852, in each case from Moreton Bay (Qld), and is assumed to be a mariner.

I will hopefully expand some of these again in time. Please contact me if you have any information on any of these colonial Ewer’s.

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